According to the NC Prevention report card, North Carolina residents are struggling to meet public health goals for tobacco use, nutrition, obesity and physical activity.
Rachel Zuker is the research and evaluation coordinator for the Chapel Hill-based nonprofit Prevention Partners. She says the state’s grades are not looking good.
“Right now, we’re not doing great,” says Zuker. “We have a C in tobacco, a D in physical activity and Fs in both nutrition and obesity, so there’s definitely work to be done.”
The report measures state progress on national public health goals set for 2020.
Tobacco use continues to be the leading cause of preventable death in the US, and here in North Carolina, residents are smoking at a higher rate than elsewhere.
Zuker says this year North Carolina earned a C for tobacco use, down from a B grade last year.
“In tobacco policies, other states have continued to make progress, whereas we’ve kind of stayed the same, so I think we’re seeing ourselves slide a little bit in tobacco, which is too bad, because previously we’d been at a B and we were seeing that as a great area,” says Zucker.
The report points to policy changes at the state and local levels that could lower tobacco use, including designating more smoke-free places and increasing funding for cessation support services.
When it comes to nutrition and obesity, the report suggests economic challenges are hitting families hard. Seventeen percent of North Carolina households face hunger. At the same time, two out of every three adults and slightly more than a quarter of high school students are overweight or obese, and the problem is more significant for those with lower levels of education and income.
Zuker says obesity and poor diet go hand in hand, as it costs more to eat well.
“You can be malnourished and obese. There’s a difference between malnourishment and obesity.”
Compounding the problem, the majority of North Carolina’s adults are not getting the recommended weekly minimum amount of physical activity.
Zuker says when it comes to changing the state’s health grade, workplace programs can have a big impact.
“People spend so much of their daily lives at work, and so if we see workplaces passing policies to promote cheaper, healthy foods, time for physical activities or access to those facilities, helping employees to quit [smoking], we really see that as key.”
Prevention Partners is launching an initiative with some of North Carolina’s largest employers to try to change the workplace culture to support healthy lifestyles. Zuker says the plan, called Healthy Together North Carolina, could reach up to 20 percent of the state’s workforce.
Survival rates for those infected with HIV/AIDS in the South are the lowest across the nation.
Nine southern states, including North Carolina, are hit disproportionately hard by HIV/AIDS, according to new research out of Duke University. The study found 15% of those diagnosed with HIV, and 27% diagnosed with AIDS, died within five years of their diagnosis, based on numbers from 2003 – 2004.
Lee Storrow, Executive Director of the North Carolina AIDS Action Network, says the disease has grown beyond its initial profile of mainly affecting young-to-middle-aged white gay men.
“Unfortunately, we have really seen this disease evolve over the last 20 years,” he says. “[We’re] seeing a new focus and new outbreaks amongst poor residents of this county – and a concentration of new epidemics in the South.”
Storrow adds many factors play into the increased HIV rates – and the lower survival rate associated with the disease – particularly in our region.
“When you look at poverty rates in the deep South, when you look at lower levels of education, and you look at the social stigma,” he says, “I think all of those are factors that are contributing to increased rates of HIV in the South.”
Storrow says the stigma associated with the disease is a major obstacle in battling its treatment.
He adds, while sexual contact is the main form of transmission, the disease can also be passed by sharing needles, among other avenues.
Unfortunately, Storrow says our social environment can be deadly for those who are HIV positive.
“That stigma is something that means that people don’t share their medical conditions. They don’t receive testing,” he says. “And there’s a number of people who have received testing, and might know that they’re HIV positive, but aren’t actually in care to receive the treatment that they need.”
He adds battling the stigma is difficult on several layers, including not being able to legislate against a social stigma as you can with other more overt obstacles.
Of what can be controlled, access is a major theme for treatment, according to Storrow.
“One thing we know,” he says, “is that if you have access to stable-consistent-safe housing, you’re ability to access medical care significantly increases.”
And access to steady-affordable medical care can then translate to more effective treatment of the disease.
Storrow says the biggest way state legislators can help in the fight against HIV/AIDS is by expanding Medicaid.
He adds it will take teamwork – between lawmakers, everyone in our community, and beyond – to fight back against HIV/AIDS.http://chapelboro.com/news/health/hiv-survival-rates-disproportionately-low-south/
Drawing the congressional map in North Carolina has been a topic of debate, in conversation and in courtrooms, for decades.
The latest rendition of the North Carolina congressional district map is constitutional, according to a State Supreme Court ruling. State Republican lawmakers are responsible for the latest depiction of the districts; the GOP drew the map in 2011, after the last census in 2010. The legal challenge to the map’s constitutionality may not be done, as an appeal to the US Supreme Court is likely. There have been 27 judicial interventions in North Carolina’s drawing of congressional districts in the last 30 years, according to the NC Coalition for Lobbying and Government Reform.
Listen to the full segment here:
Jane Pinsky is the director of that organization; she says the challenge to the previous district drawing was followed by a particularly long legal battle, “The 2001 redistricting finished with a lawsuit that was decided in 2009.”
Pinsky says partisan drawings have been the standard in the Tar Heel state. And drawing the map for political gain is technically legal, according to court rulings.
Kareem Crayton is an Associate Professor of Law at UNC; he says that the close ties between race and politics in North Carolina lead to a challenge that most states do not face.
“Is there a way to tease apart this purported concern with race and perhaps hyper-partisanship,” he asks, “in a way that makes a lot of sense to people and, frankly, keeps both the Democrats and Republicans at bay?”
One suggestion has been to look to other states as a model, one in particular being Iowa. Pinsky says their formula is developed by a professional staff and then voted on by legislators.
Professor Crayton adds that many states are looking at Iowa’s model, but there are some inherent issues.
“Iowa, by comparison, is not as ethnically and racially diverse as most other states in the union,” he says. “Certainly among states in the South, where there is a significant African-American population in the state electorate.”
Some states have taken pieces of the Iowa formula and molded it to fit their state’s needs. Ohio has created a new system for drawing their districts, which involves an independent commission drawing the map.
Pinsky says to get to a point where North Carolina deviates from the current formula of the dominant party having ultimate power over the drawings – and the seemingly endless legal battles associated with that –legislators will have to give up their power for drawing the congressional map.
She adds that state house lawmakers have agreed to a plan to move toward a new system on multiple occasions, but senate legislators have refused to move on the plan while litigation is ongoing.
Professor Crayton says that some other states have been successful in taking the power of drawing the map out of the legislator’s hand and allowing the citizens to decide on the congressional districts through a voter referendum.
“When the public gets mad enough and organized enough,” he says, “there usually is an effort to think creatively about a system that can stand any alternative.”
The possibility exists that the lawsuit over North Carolina’s congressional map could be combined with a similar suit out of Alabama and be brought before the US Supreme Court.
Regardless of any legal decision, the next time the lines will be put on a map of the Tar Heel state will be in 2021.
Whether that drawing will remain under our current system or if it will be subject to new – possibly less partisan – guidelines, remains to be seen.http://chapelboro.com/news/state-government/redistricting-continues-stir-legal-battle-nc/
The second and final day of the 2014 ICV wrapped up Tuesday for nearly 100 Orange County residents, including WCHL’s Aaron Keck, who is making his second-consecutive trip with the Chapel Hill-Carrboro Chamber of Commerce.
This year’s ICV has taken the group to Athens, Georgia, with a stop in Greenville, South Carolina on the way. Athens is a college town much like Chapel Hill-Carrboro with the campus of the University of Georgia abutting the City.
Aaron joined Ran Northam on the WCHL Tuesday Evening News to tell the latest about the trip.
***Listen to the Interview***
WCHL’s host of Aaron in the Afternoon and the WCHL Evening News, Aaron Keck, made his second-consecutive trip with the Chapel Hill-Carrboro Chamber of Commerce and almost 100 other Orange County residents for the 2014 inter-city visit.
This year’s journey is to Athens, Georgia–the home of the University of Georgia. But, first, the journey stopped off in Greenville, South Carolina–the home of Furman University.
Aaron joined Ron Stutts on the WCHL Monday Morning News to tell the story of the journey so far.
***Listen to the Conversation***
North Carolina voters aren’t happy with the direction the nation is headed.
The Civitas Institute is a conservative publication, which conducted a poll in late July. In the release of the poll last week, it stated 70 percent of registered North Carolina voters think the United States are on the wrong track compared to the 20 percent that thinks things are heading in the right direction.
In October 2012, the split was 55-40, with the majority still believing the nation wasn’t in the right place.
The number one issue voters said they were concerned about was the economy. In a close second was jobs and unemployment, followed by immigration, health care, and the current government.
Neither political party had the upper hand in the poll. When voters were asked which candidate they would vote for if the election for Congress was held on that date, 43 percent said the Republican and 43 percent said the Democrat.
And, when asked specifically how President Barack Obama is doing—almost at the midway point in his second term—53 percent disapprove while 45 percent approve.
To see a complete breakdown of the poll, click here.http://chapelboro.com/news/national/poll-nation-wrong-track/
Unemployment claims climbed in July both nationally and in North Carolina, marking the second increase in the state since June 2012.
Nearly 20,000 fewer people were employed from June to July, according to the state’s Department of Commerce. However, jobless claims didn’t greatly rise, showing a 0.1 percent increase to 6.5 percent might not be telling the whole story. Only about 5,300 more people claimed to be without a job in July.
The numbers are still greatly improved from the previous year. In July 2013, 8.1 percent of the state’s population claimed to be unemployed.
Nationally, the shift went from 6.1 to 6.2 percent which is 1.1-percent better than a year ago.
The county-by-county figures are scheduled to be released August 27.
To see the complete breakdown of the state and national unemployment rate for July, click here.http://chapelboro.com/news/business/unemployment-first-time-two-years/
Members of Congress are on a five-week recess, and your Representative, David Price, is taking some of his time to stop by the WCHL Studios and talk about the top issues being debated in Washington.
Congressman Price is a native of eastern Tennessee and made his way to Mars Hill College and UNC, where he was a Morehead Scholar. He also studied at Yale University where he received a Bachelor of Divinity as well as a Ph.D. in Political Science. Congressman Price spent additional time in the classroom as a professor at Duke University in 1987 teaching Political Science and Public Policy.
Now Congressman Price serves North Carolina’s Fourth District and is on the House Appropriations Committee. He serves as the Ranking Democrat on the Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee, which oversees funding for the Department of Homeland Security.
Congressman Price recently announced that North Carolina will receive an added $1.1 million in grant funding from the Department of Homeland Security, compared to last year. That work was done through the Appropriations Committee. He and Wisconsin representative Tom Petri, a Republican, announced a bipartisan NCAA financial transparency bill in the heat of heavy intercollegiate athletics discussions.
Congressman Price will also weigh in on foreign affairs as the conflict between Israel and Hamas continues as well as the United States’ recent air strikes on Iraq.
Tune in to the WCHL Afternoon News with Aaron Keck Tuesday when Congressman Price will sit down with Aaron for the entire 4:00 hour to discuss timely topics of local, national, and international importance.http://chapelboro.com/news/national/congressman-david-price-visit-wchl-studios-tuesday/
Originally posted 1:46 p.m., August 6, 2014
Officials cancelled the Amber Alert Wednesday when Tommy Lee Able Engle was found in Pikeville, Kentucky, according to WUSA. His father was taken into custody.
Officials from Virginia are warning North Carolina residents of an Amber Alert after a father abducted his three-year-old son and threatened to take both their lives Monday.
Tommy Lee Travis Engle is wanted in connection with the abduction of his son, Tommy Lee Able Engle. The father is a six-foot-three-inch white male, weighing approximately 200 pounds and has brown eyes and brown hair.
He is thought to be driving a navy blue 2001 four-door Dodge Neon with Virginia license plate WNZ-9169.
Officials are warning everyone to use caution if they encounter this man because he may have an AK-47 assault rifle. The Amber Alert release states that he made suicidal threats and homicidal threats toward police officers.
Anyone with information should dial 911 immediately. You can also call Crime Stoppers at 919-942-7515.http://chapelboro.com/news/crime/va-amber-alert-warns-nc-abducted-son/
North Carolina ranks 34th in the nation for overall child well-being, according to the 2014 KIDS COUNT Data Book. However, Orange County may be just a little bit ahead of the state all together signs of better times approaching.
“Orange County historically has done a little better on a lot of the indicators than [the rest of] the state, partly because we have a lot more programs than some of the low-wealth counties,” says Nancy Coston, the director of Orange County Department of Social Services. “We also are lucky that we live in a community that is very committed to our families.”
The KIDS COUNT Data Book is a product of the Annie E. Casey Foundation that examines 16 measures of child well-being in four categories: economic well-being, education, health, family and community.
North Carolina was one of the worst ranked states for economic well-being at 38 and performed only slightly better for family and community at 36.
The Tar Heel State was ranked at 32 in the health category and received its highest marks for education at 28.
In terms of what needs improvement, Coston says that poverty’s impact on children is something that will always have a lasting affect.
“That’s one of the things that has been really hard to help families with,” Coston stated, “Especially since around 2008, when the recession affected so many. A lot of our families have not been able to rebound from that. One of the problems is, with lower income families, the economic situation can affect them—it’s much harsher than it is for other families in terms of the impact. And the children feel that—they know that they live in a situation where they cannot have the things that other children have.”
A positive aspect to come of these poverty statistics is that the Orange County government is listening, according to Coston.
“Orange County Commissioners recently have started wanting to have additional conversations about our families living in poverty, and we’ve also seen that in some of the towns where they’re trying to address the housing and other needs of low income families. We know that children need to feel secure in their housing; they need to have no food insecurities, which we know that many of our families experience. So finding ways to make sure that all of that can be mitigated is one of the most important things that we can do here in our community.”
With all of this in mind, is Orange County currently on the rise or the decline?
Coston says she believes that, in terms of economics, the former is happening.
“We are starting to see the availability of jobs picking up, so hopefully, that impact will affect some of our low-income families,” Coston stated.
“We’ve been focusing a lot on employment of the parents, making sure their skills are marketable so that those families can get back in the work force because that is an important step for them and for their children, because we do know that children with working parents tend to do better than children without families who are working. So as the economy improves, hopefully some of that will impact.”
Coston also says there’s another positive trend happening in the form of health indicators that have improved recently in the state with Orange County as one of the leaders.
“I think it will be interesting to see, in the towns and the county, what approaches we can come up with that emphasize ways to help our children who are living in less-than-perfect situations,” Coston stated.http://chapelboro.com/news/health/oc-ahead-state-overall-child-well/