CHAPEL HILL – The Food and Drug Administration is funding 14 tobacco centers of regulatory science, and out of the 40 universities that applied, UNC was the only school to receive two.
The two research teams combined will receive nearly $40 million from the FDA.
Associate professor, Robert Tarran, is leading one of the teams and four of the projects at UNC. Tarran has experience doing tobacco research on COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) for several years. He says he thinks UNC received funding because of the expertise at the school.
“So UNC has an expertise in airway biology, and so we were able to put together a whole bunch of different researchers who have complimentary research experience to put together this comprehensive project,” Tarran says.
Tarran says that his team will receive $20 million over the next five years for a flexible range of tobacco products. Currently, Tarran says he’s focusing on the effects of hookah and “little cigars,” but in the future may research other new tobacco products.
The money from the grant will not only employ researchers here at UNC but will provide a training component for graduate students.
“There’s an actual separate component on this for training grad students, and then part of that gives them the advantage, so there’s like a mechanism for a grad student to come into this and then go and get experience at other centers as well,” Tarran says. “And so we get to train the next generation of scientists who look at tobacco research.”
Professor in the School of Public Health at UNC, Kurt Ribisl leads the other research team that looks at how to communicate the facts about tobacco products to smokers. Having researched in this area for 19 years and involvement in the Surgeon General’s report last year, Ribisl says he has high goals for his project.
“The ultimate goal of all of this work is to reduce the public health burden of tobacco use, design research that will help inform and guide what the FDA does when they regulate tobacco products,” Ribisl says.
The new FDA funded research will allow for studies to be conducted on subjects where there is very little data. Tarran says the funds will allow for precise, fact-driven research that hasn’t been done.
“Well see it’s going to be interesting, I think its nice now that we can sort of have a better debate about whether or not these new products are dangerous or not, I think the precise research hasn’t been done so this gives us opportunity to do that and then to better help the FDA on governing these products,” Tarran states.
Ribisl says that one of the new aspects they will look at is warning labels for E-Cigarettes.
“We really need to understand what consumers think about the risks of these projects, and when we find if they have really distorted views of the risks, then we want to more properly align what the consumer believes with the actual risk of the product;” Ribisl says “so we are thinking about testing new labels for E-Cigarettes.”
With a combined $40 million for research over the next five years, UNC will produce new data related to cigarettes and other tobacco products. A mix of health studies on the lungs and how to effectively communicate the risks of tobacco products will dovetail nicely for the FDA.http://chapelboro.com/news/health/fda-funds-two-tobacco-centers-at-unc/
I do not handle stressors as well as I should.
There, I said it.
Those who know me well would dispute that statement, saying I am a calm and collected individual. My grandfather once told me, “Never let them see you sweat.” Sound advice — which has certainly been internalized in my case. When it comes to stress management though, it becomes a façade. I may look collected on the exterior, but there are times when I let stress build up to levels that are damaging to both my mental and physical health.
I bet you don’t handle stressors well either.
A 2004 article in the academic journal Occupational Health presents the idea that information overload is the culprit explaining why mental health problems are just as prevalent, if not more prevalent, than physical health problems in society today. It makes sense, let us take a look:
When was the last time you took a leisurely stroll through the neighborhood, just to get some fresh air? When was the last time you sat watching the sun set over the horizon? When was the last time you sat in complete silence for even just a handful of minutes?
Please do not feel that I am calling you — the reader — out, for it has been far too long since I have participated in any such activity myself. Humans today are on the go. We have important things to do and important people to see (or so we tell ourselves). We work overtime, use electronics incessantly, stay out too late, and piece together our lives on a whim. Another way to say it: We skimp on sleep, get by with coffee, never turn our minds off, and never slow down. We are constantly stimulated, and have been socially conditioned to believe this is the way things should be.
In addition to information overload, I believe we have developed poor mental “nutritional” habits as well. Think of mental nutrition similar to physical nutrition — you are what you eat. Put nutritious food into your body, health follows. Put engineered food-like products into your body, things go downhill quickly. The same can be said of our minds. Do you fill your mind with positive thoughts? Do you listen to and read positive and thought provoking commentary and ideas? Do you surround yourself with uplifting individuals?
Unfortunately, this is not often the case. I will provide one prevalent example: the news. The majorities of people I interact with on a daily basis are fairly up to date with, and watch, newscasts on television. Modern day newscasts are heavily threat-based, and this is what hooks us. Human beings are hard-wired to pay attention to threats in our environment; it is very pro-survival. Now it mainly creates a large quantity of negative stress in our lives. Let us not get started on commercials and advertisements.
A 2007 study published in the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine showed that watching a mere 15 minutes of a nationally broadcasted newscast increased levels of anxiety and perceived stress in individuals for up to an hour after watching. Consider that many people watch or read the news multiple times each day.
Many studies have shown that these modern stressors we deal with have negative impacts on our health, both mentally and physically. Humans who report high levels of perceived stress are more likely to suffer from depression & anxiety, get sick more often, have higher risks of metabolic diseases, and are more likely to abuse alcohol. None of this sounds like fun to me.
I have presented to you quite the conundrum, but have not provided a solution. The first step in managing stress comes from the awareness that is indeed a real problem for each and every one of us, and there are consequences for not handling it effectively. I will discuss some ideas on how to effectively manage stressors in your life next time around, but for now I leave you with two simple challenges.
Until next time I will do my best to slow down and relax. I hope you do the same.
1. Donkersly, T. An interview with Dr. Andrew Weil. 2012. http://www.greenlivingaz.com/?p=3027.
2. Hammen C, Kim E, Eberhart N, Brennan P. Chronic and acute stress and the prediction of major depression in women. Depression & Anxiety. 2009;26(8):718-723.
3. Holland E. Stress substantially slows human body’s ability to heal. Ohio State Research News. 2005. http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/wounheal.htm.
4. Info overload causes mental problems. Occupational Health. 2004;56(7):11.
5. Rod N, Grønbæk M, Schnohr P, Prescott E, Kristensen, T. Perceived stress as a risk factor for changes in health behaviour and cardiac risk profile: a longitudinal study. Journal of Internal Medicine. 2009;266(5):467-475.
6. Szabo A, Hopkinson K. Negative psychological effects of watching the news in the television: relaxation or another intervention may be needed to buffer them. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2007;14(2):57-62.
Image via Deja Photo from Lens to Picture
Got any idea how many people ride their bikes to work in Chapelboro?
I don’t. But I do know that Ride Your Bike to Work Week (this week) and Ride Your Bike to Work Day (Friday) is a good way to nudge more in that direction. Lots of local activities left this week including a fun Friday night ride. Details here.
Another nudge is the Bicycle Commuters Benefit Act which allows employers to give up to $20 per month to employees who pedal to work. The money is tax-free to the employee, and the company can take a $240 write-off on its own federal taxes per eligible employee enrolled.
Google nudges the use of bikes, rollerblades or good old-fashioned feet with their Self-Powered Commuter Program which,
“encourages employees to reduce their personal greenhouse gas emissions by getting to work under their own power… Those who participate in this program earn points, which can then be put towards a donation from Google to any charity of their choice. Google will donate $100 for every 20 days of self-powered transportation.” from Google Rewards for Going Green by Jordan Van Gorder
Perhaps the biggest nudge of all is just knowing that biking helps us be leaner, meaner and perhaps not as mean. It helps our minds be keener and helps our environment and pocketbooks be greener.
And if an entire work group or team were doing it – just imagine how much better everyone would feel, how much nicer everyone would be and how much more they could accomplish.
Practical? Maybe not for those of us who live far from work or visit lots of businesses during the day.
For this group, perhaps it could be a nudge for us to jump on our bikes instead of into our cars for quick trips to anywhere – the Farmers Market, office supply store, post office, or a quick trip to visit a neighbor. A great way for pressed professionals to sneak in some exercise and enjoy the benefits of being leaner, meaner, keener and greener.
Plus that wonderful feeling of the wind on your face and blowing through whatever hair isn’t under a helmet. Feeling like a kid again – or maybe a teener.
What about you?
Do you regularly ride your bike to work?
Are you celebrating Ride Your Bike to Work Week or Day?
Does your business encourage or reward the use of self-powered transportation?
Please tell me about it and send pictures to Jan@Chapelboro.com.
P.S. Be sure to check out the great local resources for bicycling at www.CycliciousMovement.org